20 Fun Facts About H2O

No, this article is NOT funny at all. Around the world, people are not only grappling with issues of economic globalisation but also global warming and climatic changes. We used to have people going nuts over Black Gold (oil) but now the same guys are increasingly concern about Blue Gold (potable water).

Considering that the human body can survive for days without solid food but not without water for two to three days (severe dehydration), pressing solutions are needed to sustainably produce sufficient amounts of drinkable water. Already, we are facing 1.6 million deaths every year due to thirst, something which many of us are guilty of taking for granted. Not only that, up to 1.6 billion people or one-sixth of the world’s population have no access to clean water at all. Are we living in the 21st century or what?

The main objective of this article is to highlight the problem of water shortage (as described above) and also, encourage a greater sense of appreciation of the availability of fresh water among readers. And to do that, I would like to present the following 20 interesting facts on water. I am sure you can find more but do go through them and take it as a mini-test of your knowledge.

1) H2O is the chemical symbol for water. Each molecule of water contains two atoms of hydrogen (H) joined to a single atom of oxygen (O).

2) As a resource, water is renewable and made available at all times through solar energy, enabling it to evaporate from oceans and land, before redistributing it around the world.

3) Water is the ONLY substance found naturally on Earth in three forms: liquid, gas and solid. Frozen water is 9% lighter than its liquid form and hence, ice floats on water.

4) Morethan 70% of the Earth’s surface is covered by water. Of this water, 97% is in oceans, which makes it salty and undrinkable. The remaining 3% is freshwater. Only 0.3% is found in rivers and lakes. The rest is frozen.

5) The three largest water uses are for: agriculture (67%), industry (19%) and municipal/residential (9%).

6) Over 100 years, a water molecule would have spent some 98 years in the ocean, 20 months as ice, about 2 weeks in lakes and rivers, and less than a week in the atmosphere.

7) The rivers in Asia are the most polluted in the world, containing three times as many human waste bacteria than the global average, and 20 times more lead than rivers in industrialised countries.

8) Two-thirds of the human body is water. Human bones are 25% water.

9) Humans can go a month without food but will die after one week without water.

10) Water leaves the human body five minutes after consumption, when you breathe out water vapour, perspire, or go for a leak.

11) The World Health Organisation estimates that a person needs 19 litres of water to meet his daily needs including drinking, showering and cleaning.

12) Water makes up 75% of the average chicken, and 80% of an elephant.

13) On average, frontloading washing machines use 80 litres, and top loading machines use 170 litres of water per wash.

14) Washing a mug under a running tap uses about a litre of water.

15) About nine litres of water is used to flush the toilet. You will save about four litres if you use a half-flush.

16) To produce a fast-food lunch of a hamburger, french fries and a soft drink, about 6800 litres of water is needed. The water is for growing the spuds, the grain for the bun and cattle feed, as well as for producing the drink.

17) According to the UK Environment Agency, one drip per second wastes 1200 litres of water in a year. That’s around three litres per day or 90 litres if the drip breaks into a stream.

18) Water can tell you how fresh an egg is. A good egg sinks and a stale one won’t.

19) An elephant’s trunk can hold 11 litres of water.

20) A full-grown tree that is around 20m high with 600,000 leaves and a tree top diameter of 12 m will produce about 400 litres of water in evaporation a day.

So, if you are one of those lucky ones to have clean water access, do spare a moment to think about how precious this resource is and how fortunate you are to have perfectly potable water readily available for consumption.

Insuring Against Vision Impairment and Loss

Let me start with some good news–substantial number of Americans have vision insurance. In fact, according to a recent study by National Association of Vision Care Plans, about 85 million Americans carry such insurance.

Now for the bad news. Vision related problems like diabetic retinopathy, cataract, macular degeneration and plain gradual deterioration of eyesight–these are all on the increase for the past ten years.

Again, some good news. It is now fairly easy to insure against such diseases or impairments. But you have to be smart about it and be prepared to shop around, since each insurance company has its hot buttons regarding which condition is “high risk”.

Here are some insurance buying tips.

1. Insurance carrier. It is important to be with an insurance company that is a market leader in vision insurance.So who are the top vision insurance carriers in US?

Top five insurance companies providing vision insurance in the US are EyeMed, VSP, Davis, Optum and CIGNA. Of these, top three have about 250 mil policy holders. While big is not necessarily good or positive, it does represent a couple of positive attributes–being specialists, these insurance companies can be relied upon to be generally consistent, have a good reputation relative to claims and handling paperwork and are probably more tuned in to the new treatments for vision related problems.

2. What are you trying to cover?

As with any other part of your body or healthcare, there are three levels which you may want to cover with vision insurance.

=general and preventive maintenance. These cover vision test, testing for age-related problems such as glaucoma and macular issues

=special vision conditions

=diabetes related diseases like Retinopathy

=enhanced lens coverage

Different plans have different focus when it comes of vision related coverage so be careful and read the coverage section of the policy before you sign up.

3. Reimbursement policy

Does the insurance company make you pay first and get reimbursement on your own, or will then bill insurance directly? You are in no position to understand what is covered and what is not. It should be the doctor’s office. Many optical physicians take the easy route and let you fight it out with the insurance company. Go with the insurance company that has doctors who accept insurance and bill insurance directly. That way you are only responsible for co-pay and deductible, not the whole bill.

4. Access to doctors.

Many treatments require you to be on special medication and not drive. Choose a company that has wide coverage of doctors so you and you spouse do not have to drive far.

In summary, vision may not be as critical as your health policy but nevertheless, eyes are probably the most important organ in your body, so when it comes to covering for them, be very smart and careful.

Good luck.

Solar Power Systems Increase Community Resilience

Today, solar power systems provide a highly effective way for communities to improve their chances for being better able to function in the case of potential widespread emergencies.

Communities must adapt to the many changing conditions and threats that can occur in the event of an emergency or natural disaster. Solar energy and renewable resources are key components to increasing both community adaptability and resilience.

Reduce Reliance on Fossil Fuels

Eventually, hydrocarbon fuels will become scarce, causing prices to skyrocket. It is only a matter of time before the country faces another fuel crisis. By adopting solar power systems, communities can protect themselves against future price volatility in the fossil fuel market.

Using solar energy to supplement or replace power from the electrical grid can reduce a community’s reliance on the unpredictable costs and business practices of utility companies. It can also lower energy costs substantially, which helps reduce future economic uncertainty.

Photovoltaic technology provides energy security, as local solar development ensures a reliable source of power, no matter what fuel crisis may arise.

Be Prepared for Emergencies

When a tornado, earthquake, flood or other natural disaster or emergency situation occurs, communities must be able to respond quickly with appropriate recovery efforts.

Lighting and communications are essential in the event of an emergency, as is power for critical operations. Solar power systems can provide electricity wherever and whenever it is needed.

Highway message signs and advisory radios powered by the sun can be used to convey important information. Photovoltaic vehicle laminates and portable solar generators can prepare communities to handle the effects of emergency or disaster situations.

Create Power Resilient Critical Facilities

Storms and other extreme weather events can knock the power out for days at a time.

Although hospitals and other critical facilities may have generators, the rest of the community can be left without energy. In addition, traditional generator power depends on the availability of fuel. Once the fuel supplies are gone, so is the electricity, leaving emergency shelters and mass care points without reliable sources of power.

Communities can use solar power to create critical facilities capable of meeting the public’s needs during and after an emergency situation. Medical centers and fire and police stations must be adaptable, functional and able to provide services throughout any crisis event.

Installing solar energy systems at these locations and at designated shelter areas will help ensure that emergency services are always able to respond to any disruptive event in the community.

Adopting solar power to address a growing community’s developing needs is of particular importance in lower-income areas, according to many experts. As PV power is renewable and cost-effective, solar energy can be used to bridge the gap between the poor and the well-off, helping to relieve more vulnerable populations from added suffering from the damaging aftereffects of a natural disaster or emergency situation.

Every community must address the matter of resilience now, to be adequately prepared for the future. Contact an experienced alternative energy expert in your area to learn more about how solar power systems can help to meet the changing needs of your community.

Ten Things to Love About America on Trump Days

In 2008, America was the first western industrialized country to elect Barack Obama as a non-white Head of State.. In 2016, ehe pendulum swung backwards in the election of ultra-white media-made business tycoon Donald Trump. As Trump rolls back progress made under Obama toward global cooperation in critical areas such as climate change and health care, it may help Americans to review what makes their country so great.

1. America has a great foundation. The 1776 Declaration of independence states that the new country freeing itself from England is based on an inalienable human right to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.

2. The 1786 Constitution set out the rights that would be protected. Those include the right to free speech and freedom of the press, the right to assemble and right to bear arms.

3. Amendments to the Constitution spelled out rights not foreseen by the forefathers in line with their intent. Thus, one-time slaves were acknowledged as full citizens, as were women with the winning of the right to vote.

4. The law rules in America. The ingenious part of the Constitution is its separation of the country’s governing powers into three branches, one that makes the law,another that puts is into practice and a third that mediates when the other two come into conflict. In the ned, the Constitution wins.

5. America provides legal protection. During the 250 years since its founding. America has developed a legal system in line with the constitution that ensures the rights of its citizens. That evolution in law goes on. As the Miranda law today protects the rights of the accused, legislation now is in the works to regulate gun traffic in the country..

6. America is helpful and forgiving. Social aid is available to those in need and bankruptcy laws get others out of financial troubles. Legal recourse is always available to those who feel slighted. When in doubt, call a lawyer or two.

7. If legal relief for a grievance is unattainable or out of reach, America is open to media outreach. If ticked off and unable to get action from landlord, the city or business, Americans are freed to contact media that in the US are fan-friendly, starting with local presses and stations.

8. America is friendly. Yes, America as a complex nation of immigrants sees daily violence in the jews but that is not the American norm. Conflicts are inevitable. They are put into perspective by a walk to the local bodega. The Mexican ot Indian behind the counter is there to please and that is the real person behind the currently scary label of immigrant.

9. America is the land of opportunity for change. Americans have a Constitutional right to assembly. They can organize marches, sit-ins, sit-downs and walk-outs. All that;s needed is a motivating cause. America gives the aggrieved the room in which to collectively express their displeasure.

10. America loves to party. A land of immigrants provides for holidays throughout the year. The all-American 4th of July and Thanksgiving Day are among the greats. Others include St. Patrick’s Day, Istaeli Independence Day, Puerto Rican and Caribbean Days That’s not even to mention New Year, celebrated by all the wide world over.

The list could go on and it builds with the thought of just how lucky are those who are in America. The path through 2019 may continue to be stressful but 2020 will bring an election and a Census conducted every 10 years. That will count us all without regard to status. Everyone here now is a resident, equally grateful to smile on a neighbor who could be from anywhere else in the world.

The True Benefits of Elder Care Services

Elder care has turned into a highly preferred solution and is being increasingly accepted in the majority of the countries having a largely growing elderly population. Provided the choice the maximum seniors wish to spend their twilight years within the familiarity and comfort of their own sweet home. The good news is today with the easy availability of elder care services an elderly person no longer require to shift to a hospital or nursing home. Nowadays these services are available in different forms ranging from nursing, basic assistance with day to day living to medication management.

Explore the top benefits of elder care services

Below is a list of the top benefits of availing the services of professional elder care. These include,

• Save precious time- there are different types of elder care services and these are quite time consuming. Often it becomes challenging for a caregiver in being capable of juggling the time needed. Thus, elder care assistance turns into a necessity that helps a family caregiver in investing more time on other vital priorities instead of the routine tasks that can be performed via a home specialist who has been trained specially for this task

• Professional assistance- a home caregiver can handle the routine as well as critical situations far better as they possess the needed training and experience

• Social interaction- No matter how close the caregiver may be to the patient there is indeed a limit to the amount both of communication and socialization with one another. To have someone from the outside will offer some benefits. It will allow the elderly in staying communicated and interacting with someone else and this will work wonders for his/her emotional well-being

• Uphold the old lifestyle- a caregiver can assist the senior in upholding the lifestyle which she or he was accustomed to at one point of time. In fact, it is a part of the caregiver’s training in sustaining the momentum

• Quality of life- Via the assistance of a caregiver the senior adult can enhance their quality of life. Instant help is accessible, thus there is no requirement of struggling with the day to day household work. A caregiver is specially trained for anticipating the requirements of the senior who is in their charge. The best part is the care level can be selected as per the requirement from merely a few hours daily to 24/7 assistance and companionship.

All these factors throw light that hiring professional elder care services are indeed worth it.